Arabic Pronouns

In Arabic there are not only masculine and feminine forms but also singular, dual and plural forms. The singular form is used when referring to one person or thing. The dual form is used when referring to two people or two things and the plural form is used when referring to more than two people or things.

Subject Pronouns

Subject pronouns (I, you, he, she, it, we, they) are usually used in sentences without a verb or used for emphasis in sentences with a verb.

I am a teacher أنا مدرس
’anā mudarris
They (m.) are from Canada. هم من كندا
hum min kanadā
Singular
I أنا
’anā
you (m.) أنت
’anta
you (f.) أنت
’anti
he, it هو
huwa
she, it هي
hiya
Dual
you أنتما
’antumā
they هما
humā
Plural
we نحن
naḥnu
you (m.) أنتم
’antum
you (f.) أنتن
’antunna
they (m.) هم
hum
they (f.) هن
hunna

Object Pronouns

Object pronouns (me, you, him, her, it, us, them) are used in sentences with a verb.

I asked her سألتها
sa’altuhā
They wrote it. كتبوها
katabūhā
Singular
me ــني
-nī
you (m.) ــك
-ka
you (f.) ــك
-ki
him, it ــه
-hu
her, it ــها
-hā
Dual
you ــكما
-kumā
them ــهما
-humā
Plural
us ــنا
-nā
you (m.) ــكم
-kum
you (f.) ــكن
-kunna
them (m.) ــهم
-hum
them (f.) ــهن
-hunna

Possessive Pronouns

Possessive pronouns (my, your, his, her, our, their) are used to indicate possession.

her book كتابها
kitābuhā
Our house بيتنا
baytunā
Singular
my ــي
your (m.) ــك
-ka
your (f.) ــك
-ki
his, it ــه
-hu
her, it ــها
-hā
Dual
your ــكما
-kumā
their ــهما
-humā
Plural
our ــنا
-nā
your (m.) ــكم
-kum
your (f.) ــكن
-kunna
their (m.) ــهم
-hum
their (f.) ــهن
-hunna