Arabic Alphabet

Arabic Alphabet – الأبجدية العربية

The Arabic alphabet consists of 28 letters. Arabic is written from right to left. Usually only consonants and long vowels are written.
In the Arabic script all letters are joined, except for six letters that are not connected to the next letter: ’alif ( ا ), dāl ( د ), ḏāl ( ذ ) , rā’ ( ر ) , zāy ( ز ) , wāw ( و ).
Letters have different forms depending on their position, at the beginning, middle or end of a word. There are no capital letters in the Arabic script.

خحجثتبا
ḵā’ḥā’jīmṯā’tā’bā’’alif
صشسزرذد
ṣādšīnsīnzāyrā’ḏāldāl
قفغعظطض
qāffā’ḡayn‘aynẓā’ṭā’ḍād
يوهنملك
yā’wāwhā’nūnmīmlāmkāf

Arabic Letter Forms

Learn the different forms of the Arabic letters. Depending on their position, letters have different forms at the beginning, middle or end of a word.

namefinalmedialinitialisolated
’alifألفـاـااا
bā’باءـبـبـبـب
tā’تاءـتـتـتـت
ṯā’ثاءـثـثـثـث
jīmجيمـجـجـجـج
ḥā’حاءـحـحـحـح
ḵā’خاءـخـخـخـخ
dālدالـدـددد
ḏālذالـذـذذذ
rā’راءـرـررر
zāyزايـزـززز
sīnسينـسـسـسـس
šīnشينـشـشـشـش
ṣādصادـصـصـصـص
ḍādضادـضـضـضـض
ṭā’طاءـطـطـطـط
ẓā’ظاءـظـظـظـظ
‘aynعينـعـعـعـع
ḡaynغينـغـغـغـغ
fā’فاءـفـفـفـف
qāfقافـقـقـقـق
kāfكافـكـكـكـك
lāmلامـلـلـلـل
mīmميمـمـمـمـم
nūnنونـنـنـنـن
hā’هاءـهـهـهـه
wāwواوـوـووو
yā’ياءـيـيـيـي